公民入籍100道考题(下)

公民入籍100道考题(下)

 

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公民入籍有100道考题,可以结合这两篇上丶下篇复习入籍考试,以下就是我们的要为大家提供的公民入籍100道考题(下) 考题: 
 
51. What are two rights of everyone living in the United States? 每一个住在美国的人享有的两项权利是什么? 
答:Freedom of expression /表达自由 
答:Freedom of speech /言论自由 
答:Freedom of assembly /集会结社的自由 
答:Freedom to petition the government/向政府请愿自由 
答:Freedom of worship /宗教崇拜的自由 
答:The right to bear arms /持有武器的自由 
 
52. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance? 当我们宣誓效忠时,是向什么表达忠诚? 
答:the United States /美利坚合众国 
答:The flag /国旗 
 
53. What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen? /当您成为美国公民时做出的一项承诺是什么? 
答:Give up loyalty to other countries /放弃效忠其他国家 
答:Defend the Constitution and laws of the United States /护卫美国的宪法及法律 
答:Obey the laws of the United States/遵守美国的法律 
答:Serve in the U.S. military (if needed) 必要时)加入美国军队 
答:Serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed) /(必要时)为国效劳(为国做重要工作) 
答:Be loyal to the United States /效忠美国 
 
*54. How old do citizens have to be to vote for President? /美国公民必须几岁才能投票选举总统? 
答:Eighteen (18) and older /十八(18) 岁以上 
 
55. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?/美国人参与民主政治的两种方法是什么?(注:回答下列任何两项即可) 
答:Vote /投票 
答:Join a political party /加入政党 
答:Help with a campaign /协助竞选活动 
答:Join a civic group /加入公民团体 
答:Join a community group /加入小区团体 
答:Give an elected official your opinion on an issue /向民选官员提供自己对某项议题的意见。 
答:Call Senators and Representatives/拨电给参议员和众议员 
答:Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy /公开支持或反对某个议题或政策 
答:Run for office /竞选公职 
答:Write to a newspaper /向报社投函 
 
*56. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms? 寄送联邦所得税表的截止日期是哪一天? 
答:(每年的)4月15日 
 
57. When must all men register for the Selective Service? 所有男性到了哪个年龄必须注册「兵役登记」? 
答:At age eighteen (18) /年满十八岁时 
答:Between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26) /十八(18) 岁至廿六(26) 岁之间 
 
A. Colonial Period and Independence/殖民期与独立 
 
58. What is one reason colonists came to America?/殖民者当初到美国的一项理由是什么? 
答:Freedom /自由 
答:Political liberty /政治自由 
答:Religious freedom /宗教自由 
答:Economic opportunity /经济机会 
答:Practice their religion /从事宗教活动 
答:Escape persecution /逃避迫害 
 
59. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived? 欧洲人抵达美国之前,谁已经居住在美国? 
答:Native Americans /美国原住民 
答:American Indians /美国印第安人 
 
AMERICAN HISTORY 美国历史 
 
60. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?/哪一群人被带到美国并被贩卖为奴? 
答:Africans /非洲人 
答:People from Africa /来自非洲的人 
 
61. Why did the colonists fight the British?/殖民者为何与英国作战? 
答:Because of high taxes (taxation without representation) /因为高额捐税(只缴税,没有代表权) 
答:Because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)/因为英国军队住在他们的住宅内(寄宿丶宿营) 
答:Because they didn’t have selfgovernment/因为他们没有自治权 
 
62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?/《独立宣言》是谁写的? 
答:(Thomas) Jefferson /(托马斯)杰斐逊(第三任总统) 
 
63. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?/《独立宣言》是何时通过采用的? 
答:July 4, 1776 /1776 年7 月4 日 
 
64. There were 13 original states.Name three. /美国原先有13 个州。请列举其中三个州。 
答:New Hampshire /新罕布什尔 
答:Massachusetts /麻萨诸塞 
答:Rhode Island /罗得岛 
答:Connecticut /康涅狄格 
答:New York /纽约 
答:New Jersey 纽泽西 
答:Pennsylvania /宾夕法尼亚 
答:Delaware /特拉华 
答:Maryland /马里兰 
答:Virginia /弗吉尼亚 
答:North Carolina /北卡罗莱纳 
答:South Carolina /南卡罗莱纳 
答:Georgia /乔治亚 
 
65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention? 制宪会议达成了什么事? 
答:The Constitution was written. /拟定宪法 
答:The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution. /开国诸贤拟定了宪法 
 
66. When was the Constitution written?/宪法是何时拟定的? 
答:1787 年 
 
67. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers./《联邦论》支持美国宪法的通过。请列举一名《联邦论》的作者? 
答:(James) Madison /(杰姆斯)麦迪逊(第四任总统) 
答:(Alexander) Hamilton /(亚历山大)汉米顿(第一任财政部长) 
答:(John) Jay /(约翰)杰伊(第一任首席大法官) 
答:Publius /普布利乌斯(以上三位共同笔名) 
 
68. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for? 班哲明‧富兰克林著称的一项事迹是什么? 
答:U.S. diplomat /美国外交官 
答:Oldest member of the Constitutional Convention /制宪会议年纪最长的成员 
答:First Postmaster General of the United States /美国第一任邮政总局局长 
答:Writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”/《穷人理查德年鉴》的作者 
答:Started the first free libraries /开办第一个免费图书馆 
 
69. Who is the “Father of Our Country”?/谁是「美国国父」? 
答:(George) Washington /(乔治)华盛顿 
 
*70. Who was the first President?/谁是第一任总统? 
答:(George) Washington /(乔治)华盛顿(任职两届) 
 
B. 1800s 1800年代 
 
71. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?/美国在1803 年向法国购买哪块领地? 
答:the Louisiana Territory /路易斯安那领地 
答: Louisiana /路易斯安那 
 
72. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s./列举一场美国在1800年代参与的战争。 
答:War of 1812 /1812 年战争 
答:Mexican-American War /美墨战争 
答:Civil War /内战 
答:Spanish-American War /美国与西班牙战争 
 
73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South. /请说出美国南方与北方之间战争的名称? 
答:The Civil War /内战 
答:The War between the States /州际战争 
 
74. Name one problem that led to the CivilWar. /列举一项导致内战的问题 
答:Slavery /奴隶制度 
答:Economic reasons /经济原因 
答:States’ rights /各州的权力问题 
 
*75. What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did? /亚伯拉罕‧林肯的一项重要事迹是什么? 
答:Freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation) /解放奴隶(解放宣言) 
答:Saved (or preserved) the Union /拯救(保留)联盟 
答:Led the United States during the Civil War /在内战期间引领美国 
 
76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do? /《解放宣言》达成了什么? 
答:Freed the slaves /解放了奴隶 
答:Freed slaves in the Confederacy /解放了联邦制下的奴隶 
答:Freed slaves in the Confederate state 解放了联邦各州的奴隶 
答:Freed slaves in most Southern states 解放了南方大部分州的奴隶 
 
77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?/苏珊B. 安东尼的事迹是什么? 
答:Fought for women’s rights /为女权奋斗 
答:Fought for civil rights /为民权奋斗 
 
C. Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information/美国近代史与其他重要的历史资料 
 
*78. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s./列举一场美国在1900年代参与的战争? 
答:World War I /第一次世界大战 
答:World War II /第二次世界大战 
答:Korean War /朝鲜战争 
答:Vietnam War /越战 
答:(Persian) Gulf War /(波斯湾)海湾战争 
 
79. Who was President during World War I?/第一次世界大战期间的美国总统是谁? 
答:(Woodrow) Wilson/(伍德罗)威尔逊 
 
80. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?/美国经济大萧条和第二次世界大战期间的总统是谁? 
答:(Franklin) Roosevelt/弗兰克林) 
罗斯福(1933至1945连任四届) 
 
81. Who did the United States fight in World War II? /美国在第二次世界大战与哪些国家作战? 
答:Japan, Germany and Italy /日本丶德国丶意大利 
 
82. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?/艾森豪威尔在当总统以前是将军。他曾参加哪一场战争? 
答:World War II /第二次世界大战 
 
83. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?/在冷战期间,美国的主要顾虑是什么? 
答:Communism /共产主义 
 
84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?/哪项运动试图结束种族歧视? 
答:civil rights (movement) /民权(运动) 
 
*85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?/小马丁‧路德‧金的事迹是什么? 
答:Fought for civil rights /为民权奋斗 
答:Worked for equality for all Americans /为所有美国人争取平等 
 
86. What major event happened on September 11, 2001 in the United States? /美国在2001年9 月11日发生了什么重大事件? 
答:Terrorists attacked the United States. 恐怖份子攻击美国 
 
87. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States./列举一个美国印地安人部族。 
[Adjudicators will be supplied with a complete list.](USCIS 主考官将有联邦承认的美国印地安人部族清单) 
答:Cherokee /切洛基(散居于奥克拉荷马与北卡罗来纳州一带,大族裔) 
答:Navajo / 纳瓦荷(散居于亚利桑那州,新墨西哥州及犹他州一带,大族裔) 
答:Sioux /苏 
答:Chippewa /齐普瓦 
答:Choctaw /乔克陶 
答:Pueblo /布耶布洛 
答:Apache /阿帕契 
答:Iroquois /伊洛奎斯 
答:Creek /库瑞克 
答:Blackfeet /布雷克非特 
答:Seminole /赛米诺利 
答:Cheyenne /夏安 
答:Arawak /阿拉瓦克 
答:Shawnee /萧尼 
答:Mohegan /莫希根 
答:Huron /休伦 
答:Oneida /欧尼达 
答:Lakota /拉科塔 
答:Crow /克洛 
答:Teton /泰顿 
答:Hopi /贺皮 
答:Inuit /伊努特 
 
INTEGRATED CIVICS 综合公民(归化试题) 
 
A. Geography 地理 
 
88. Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States./列举美国最长的两条河中的一条? 
答:Missouri (River) /米苏里(河) 
答:Mississippi (River) /密西西比(河) 
 
89. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?/美国西岸濒临什么海洋? 
答:Pacific (Ocean) /太平洋 
 
90. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States? /美国东岸濒临什么海洋? 
答:Atlantic (Ocean) /大西洋 
 
91. Name one U.S. territory./列举一个美国领地? 
答:Puerto Rico /波多黎各 
答:U.S. Virgin Islands /美属维京群岛 
答:American Samoa /美属萨摩亚 
答:Northern Mariana Islands /北马里亚纳群岛 
答:Guam /关岛 
 
92. Name one state that borders Canada./列举一个与加拿大毗连的州? 
答:Maine /缅因州 
答:New Hampshire /新罕布什尔州 
答:Vermont /佛蒙特州 
答:New York /纽约州 
答:Pennsylvania /宾夕法尼亚州 
答:Ohio /俄亥俄州 
答:Michigan /密执安州 
答:Minnesota /明尼苏达州 
答:North Dakota /北达科塔州 
答:Montana /蒙大拿州 
答:Idaho /爱达荷州 
答:Washington /华盛顿州 
答:Alaska /阿拉斯加州 
 
93. Name one state that borders Mexico./列举一个与墨西哥毗连的州? 
答:California /加利福尼亚州 
答:Arizona /亚利桑那州 
答:New Mexico /新墨西哥州 
答:Texas /得克萨斯州 
 
*94. What is the capital of the United States?/美国的首都在哪里? 
答:Washington, D.C. /华盛顿哥伦比亚特区 
 
*95. Where is the Statue of Liberty?/自由女神像在哪里? 
答:New York (Harbor) /纽约(港) 
答:Liberty Island /自由岛 
[Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).](回答:新泽西,纽约市附近,或在哈德逊河均属正确答案) 
 
B. Symbols 标志 
 
96. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?/国旗上为何有十三个横条? 
答:Because there were 13 original colonies /因为最早有十三个(英国)殖民地 
答:Because the stripes represent the original colonies /因为横条代表最早的殖民地 
 
*97. Why does the flag have 50 stars?/国旗上为何有五十颗星? 
答:Because there is one star for each state /因为每州有一颗星 
答:Because each star represents a state 因为每颗星代表一个州 
答:Because there are 50 states /因为有五十个州 
 
98. What is the name of the national anthem? /国歌的歌名为何? 
答:The Star-Spangled Banner /星光灿烂的旗帜 
 
C. Holidays 假期 
 
*99. When do we celebrate Independence Day? /我们庆祝独立纪念日是在哪一天? 
答:July 4 /七月四日(1776年) 
 
100. Name two national U.S. holidays./试述两个美国国定假日?(注意:必须回答2 个答案) 
答:New Year’s Day /新年(元旦) 
答:Martin Luther King, Jr., Day /小马丁路德金纪念日 
答:Presidents’ Day /总统日 
答:Memorial Day /追悼日(美国阵亡将士纪念日) 
答:Independence Day /独立纪念日 
答:Labor Day /劳工节 
答:Columbus Day /哥伦布日 
答:Veterans Day /退伍军人节 
答:Thanksgiving /感恩节 
答:Christmas /(耶稣)圣诞节 

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